PART 2: Basic Care and Maintenance

As a homeowner, you can expect to deal with issues such as roof leak or damage at some point during your home’s life. However, with proper care and maintenance, you can minimize the occurrence and frequency of those problems and maximize the service life of your roof.

While there are generic and universal care and maintenance measures that you can take note of, you should also learn about those that are specific to your roofing material.

Asphalt Composition Shingles

✓      Clear debris and algae or moss from the roof. Debris such as leaves, twigs, and trash can prevent water from flowing continuously down from the roof, and when soaked in water for some time, the shingles can be damaged.

✓      Check flashings for corrosion and damage — repair as necessary.

✓      Replace missing or damaged shingles.

✓      Check sealants and caulking. Re-caulk as necessary.

Wood Shingles and Shake

✓      Remove all litter — leaves, pine needles, and other debris that can accumulate between the shingles and shakes.

✓      Remove overhanging tree and plant branches to ensure total exposure to the sun and promote drying.

✓      Check for rot and damage. Replace shingles or shake as necessary.

Metal Roof

✓      Avoid standing on the roof or putting anything heavy on it to avoid denting.

✓      Remove any debris.

✓      Make sure that different metals in the roof do not touch each other to avoid corrosion.

✓      Check the screws — tighten loose ones and replace those missing or dislodged.

✓      Inspect sealants at the seams and edges. Re-seal if needed.

✓      Repair separated seams and holes.

Clay or Concrete Roof Tiles

✓      Check for cracks and damage — replace broken tiles immediately.

✓      Use a power washer when cleaning but do not spray too close to the tiles as too much pressure can damage them. You can use a cleaning solution made up of warm water and mild detergent.

✓      Check the sealants. Re-apply when necessary.

Slate Roof

✓      Check for broken and slipped slates — replace as necessary.

✓      Inspect flashings — re-seal, re-caulk, or replace when needed.

Composite Roof

✓      Clean your roof of any debris, waste, algae, and moss but do NOT pressure wash. Use a sprayer and a brush for cleaning instead.

While known to be extremely durable, it is still best to check for any damage. Repair and replace tiles when needed.